From: MATTHEW.HUTMACHER@monsanto.com
Subject: Two abosorption periods from a single dose??
Date: 15 Jan 1999 13:26:16 -0600

Dear all;

I am trying to develop a zero-order absorption 1-compartment open model with two absorption periods, all from the same actual dose. Let the amount of this actual dose be TAMT. My strategy was to use two dose records, each with AMT=TAMT as follows.

# PATNO AMT EVID TIME CONC ABS RATE
8711 100 1 0 . 1 -2
8711 100 1 0 . 2 -2
8711 . 0 0.5 832.0 . .
8711 . 0 1 1400.0 . .
8711 . 0 2 1550.0 . .
8711 . 0 3 1470.0 . .
8711 . 0 4 1720.0 . .
8711 . 0 6 1510.0 . .
8711 . 0 8 1360.0 . .
8711 . 0 12 1060.0 . .
and so on. My NM-TRAN code is:

\$INPUT ID AMT EVID TIME DV=CONC ABS RATE
\$DATA ***.DAT
\$SUBROUTINE ADVAN1 TRANS1
\$PK
QABS=0
IF (ABS .EQ. 2) ABS=1
D1 =(1-QCMT)*THETA(1)+QCMT*THETA(2)
K =THETA(3)
V =THETA(4)
ALAG1 =(1-QCMT)*THETA(5)+QCMT*THETA(6)
RT =THETA(7)
F1 =(1-QCMT)*RT+QCMT*(1-RT)
S1=V
etc.

In other words I am putting two doses into CMT=1, where the amounts are AMT*RT and AMT*(1-RT) and the sum is AMT=TAMT. If I fix RT=1 then I believe only one dose should be input with D1=THETA(1) and ALAG1=THETA(5), i.e. THETA(2),THETA(6) should not be implemented, and the model should reduce to the typical zero-order 1-compartment model. Letting MAXEVAL=0 and RT=1, I should only see the effect of one dose (ABS=1) and it should be 100. However the output from the above is:

ID DOSE TIME CONC PRED RES WRES
8711 100 0 0 0 0 0
8711 100 0 0 0 0 0
8711 100 0.5 832 1322.3 -490.3 -845.34
8711 100 1 1400 2692.2 -1292.2 -2228
8711 100 2 1550 5234.9 -3684.9 -6353.3
8711 100 3 1470 4843.4 -3373.4 -5816.3
8711 100 4 1720 4382.5 -2662.5 -4590.5
8711 100 6 1510 3588.1 -2078.1 -3582.9
8711 100 8 1360 8269.1 -6909.1 -11912******
8711 100 12 1060 5543 -4483 -7729.3
(Please ignore the obviously poor starting values). At time=8 (the ***** record) a secondary peak occurs as if the model were seeing the second dose. Am I forgetting something? Please let me know where my mistake is.

Thank you for your time.

Matt

****

From: ABoeckmann <alison@c255.ucsf.edu>
Subject: Re: Two abosorption periods from a single dose??
Date: Tue, 19 Jan 1999 14:48:32 -0800 (PST)

Matthew Hutmacher asked about modelling two abosorption periods from a single dose.

First, the control stream cannot be run as-is. This code is not permitted:

\$INPUT ID AMT EVID TIME DV=CONC ABS RATE
\$DATA ***.DAT
\$SUBROUTINE ADVAN1 TRANS1
\$PK
QABS=0
IF (ABS .EQ. 2) ABS=1

I suspect Matthew intends the following:

\$INPUT ID AMT EVID TIME DV=CONC ABS RATE
\$DATA ***.DAT
\$SUBROUTINE ADVAN1 TRANS1
\$PK
QCMT=0
IF (ABS .EQ. 2) QCMT=1

With this correction, it can be run and (with my guesses for theta's) does produce two peaks. This is because the doses are both lagged, and the values used for F1, D1, etc., are based on values of ABS on the event records with event time >= lag time, which happen to be always 0 in his data set. Hence QCMT=0 for both doses. He must tell PREDPP to use the value of ABS on the originating dose event records. This is done with the \$BIND record. For more details, see the \$BIND record and BIND examples in Guide VIII (or on-line help).

Here is a version of his control stream that works better, using his data file. Note that it is necessary to tell PREDPP to call PK when a lagged dose is about to enter the system.

\$PROB 2 absorptions
\$INPUT ID AMT EVID TIME DV=CONC ABS RATE
\$BIND - - - - - DOSE -
\$DATA data
\$SUBROUTINE ADVAN1 TRANS1
\$PK (LAGGED)
QCMT=0
IF (ABS .EQ. 2) QCMT=1
D1 =(1-QCMT)*THETA(1)+QCMT*THETA(2)
K =THETA(3)
V =THETA(4)
ALAG1 =(1-QCMT)*THETA(5)+QCMT*THETA(6)
RT =THETA(7)
F1 =(1-QCMT)*RT+QCMT*(1-RT)
S1=V
\$ERROR
Y=F+ERR(1)

\$THETA 1 4 1 1 1 6 1
\$OMEGA 1
\$TABLE TIME PRED

Here are the relevant values from the table:
TIME PRED
0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
5.0000E-01 0.0000E+00
1.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
2.0000E+00 6.3212E+01
3.0000E+00 2.3254E+01
4.0000E+00 8.5548E+00
6.0000E+00 1.1578E+00
8.0000E+00 1.5669E-01
1.2000E+01 2.8698E-03